Nkayi and Ouesso: Site contaminated with pesticides and persistent organic pollutants in Congo
Association pour la Protection de L’Environnement et de la
Promotion de L’Agriculture Biologique
Phone : 242 52 46 95/242 82 56 32
In Congo, various types of pesticides, including POPs have been used for 40 years. The bulk of these products have been used in agriculture at the time when cash crops (coffee and cocoa) and certain industrial crops (palm oil) were promoted; in forestry by companies specialised in reforestation and in health field by hygiene services to combat certain disease vectors. Although these products are banned, they are still used in the country. Indeed, works carried out within the framework of the GF/PRC14/02 project relating to activities on POPs in Congo have revealed that certain POPs such as heptachlor and chlordane are still smuggled in countries and are used under other appellations in Nkayi and Ouesso. Indeed, many agricultural and industrial activities (wood treatment, orchards, intensive maize and paddy cultivation, plantations of sugar cane, cotton, cassava and cement works) are led in these two cities. Besides POPs, agricultural activities led in these areas result in an intensive use of a various range of chemicals that are hazardous to human health and to the environment. To date, very little information about the impacts of pesticides and POPs used in the country are available, mainly in Nkayi and Ouesso.